The world of law and the legal profession is also about to be shaken by the arrival of innovation that the 21st century brings. Artificial Intelligence is one of the technologies that has been most talked about in the United States for months, along with the blockchain or the new energies of the future.
Now it's entering the sacred field of law, one of the strongest economic sectors in the United States. But how can this technology be applied in legal work?
Artificial Intelligence: the mind of the Future is here
The 21st century brings us continuous and surprising innovations, and of all of them, one of the most powerful and promising is that of Artificial Intelligence. A technology that wants to make computers and computers capable of "thinking" in a human way, of trying to imitate the means and ways of reasoning until now only reserved for the human brain.
And it is no longer a thing of the future, since we have already been living together for years with different applications, software programs and machines that already carry out tasks of this type. They are not yet capable of writing a best-seller or composing a symphony, but they do already carry out innumerable tasks that we believe are the work of people, when in fact they are carried out by the famous “algorithms”.
Examples that we know of machines with artificial intelligence are computers that play chess and cars that drive themselves. Each of these machines must weigh the consequences of whatever action they take, as each action will have an impact on the bottom line.
But also the Internet search engines that predict what we want to find, the personalized advertising that reaches us on our social networks, or the numerous robots that already provide service in millions of factories around the world.
Artificial intelligence companies continue to find ways to develop technology that handles laborious tasks in different industries to improve speed and accuracy. And the last area they are about to enter is the legal profession, with the goal of serving attorneys and clients.
How is AI applied to the laws and the work of Judges and Lawyers?
The legal services market is one of the largest in the United States, capable of generating thousands of jobs and billions of dollars in expenses and benefits. But paradoxes of time, this great industry remains deeply under-digitized. Unfortunately, the field of law is strongly linked to tradition and old customs and is notoriously slow in the adoption of new technologies and tools, it depends a lot on paper, and the tedious and slow work of officials and lawyers.
AI wants to change this landscape, and help update legal practice at all levels in the United States. And there are already projects throughout the country that are beginning to implement it.
Let's look at some examples.
Improve repetitive processes and data management
The first areas new AI projects are focusing on are data management and process automation, two fields where machines are truly better than the human mind and hand. Specific:
- Help the lawyers to carry out the tasks, investigation and proceedings.
- Provide additional information and "shortcuts" through data analytics.
- Automation of creative processes (including writing) in legal work.
The law is, in many ways, especially conducive to the application of AI and machine learning. AI and law work on strikingly similar principles: both draw on historical examples to develop patterns and rules to apply to new situations.
Among the social sciences, law is the closest to a system of formal logic. Simplifying it to the maximum to understand it, the legal sentences imply the exposition of axioms derived from the precedents, the application of those axioms to the concrete facts in question and the obtaining of a conclusion accordingly.
This logic-oriented methodology is exactly the kind of activity to which machine intelligence can be fruitfully applied. Impressive right? Let's now look at some practical applications:
Use a research platform that incorporates legal AI into its algorithms, allowing you to provide answers to your legal questions and link to court decisions and authoritative sources.
Take advantage of a database of court records that not only incorporates all filings, motions and judgments, but is also reviewed by legal experts who "clean" the data to optimize its functionality. Helping to predict thanks to AI how a judge may fail in your particular case.
The documentation handled by a firm in each case is enormous, much of a professional's time is consumed in searching and searching for data, old sentences, laws, procedures. Use a scanning program that can examine legal documents and help identify relevant content much more efficiently and accurately than an attorney or intern could.
Online legal services
Improve relationships with clients while keeping costs low by referring them, whenever possible of course, to online self-help legal services. Automated services that use programs or chatbots. Use legal AI to provide users with answers to their legal questions more quickly and immediately.
Streamline contract review and document analysis by using legal software to quickly identify common clauses and potential values that do not conform to standard contracts. And make quick and accurate comparisons of contracts with others on the market.
There is no economic or social field or area that will not be shaken - and benefited - by the enormous possibilities of AI technology. The adoption of these techniques must make legal work and legal experience in the United States a more efficient, comfortable and, of course, economical practice.